Implant retained dentures are dentures which are functionally assisted by dental implants. There are a variety of reasons why people may not be able to wear a traditional removable denture.
Lower jaw : Losing your teeth leads to bone loss which continues over time. If a substantial amount of bone loss occurs, the lower jawbone may not be able to support a denture. Inserting two implants into the lower jawbone provides a solid foundation for a denture that otherwise a patient may not have been able to wear.
Upper jaw : Some people may not be able to wear traditional upper dentures because their jawbone has shrunk away with no ridge and insufficient palate depth to hold a full upper denture in place. Patients can also have a gag reflex which is oversensitive and they cannot tolerate the roof of their mouth being covered with a denture base. Having upper implants placed allows the size of the denture base to be reduced and made into an arch shape, rather than occupying the entire palate.
Implant having Ball Attachments (Male)
Radiograph of Implants
Lower denture having Socket Attachments (Female)
Dentures in the mouth
Mini-implants may be used when traditional implants are not suitable, especially if the patient's jawbone is not sufficient enough to support standard implants.
Although mini implants are not considered a long term solution there are some advantages: